What is Hardwood Flooring?

November 1, 2022by Mark0

The hardwood flooring industry supports 45,000 jobs, adds $4 billion to the GDP, and produces $8.5 billion in economic output. Hardwood flooring is a popular choice in many Ontario buildings.

Hardwood floors have incredible durability that stands the test of time. The floorboards come in a vast array of designs and styles. Therefore, each home with hardwood floors will feel unique and special.

You can expect hardwood flooring to be resilient and long-lasting. The floors are harvested from slow-growing trees but yield tough results. Hardwood floors are much denser than most other flooring alternatives. Hence, they require less maintenance and oversight.

This article will explain what hardwood flooring is — including its features and characteristics at length. Here’s what you need to know.

Describing and Identifying Hardwood Flooring

You may wonder what hardwood floors look or feel like. Hardwood floors have a base characteristic, which is that they consist of three layers, namely:

  • Face Layer
  • Core
  • Backing Layer

Face Layer

The face layer of hardwood flooring is the topmost layer. This layer consists of solid wood material e.g oak or maple.

The face layer is the most exposed part of the hardwood floor. It’s also the layer that undergoes sanding and refinishing.

Once the hardwood floors have been installed, the face layer is the portion you will directly walk over. Hence, the face layer needs to comprise quality solid wood.


The core layer is responsible for keeping the floor durable and stable. This layer is made of wood or high-density fibreboard. The core will absorb most of the strain and stress the hardwood floor will be subjected to. The core can’t be too rigid or flexible; it must balance both.

Backing Layer

The backing layer is the reason why hardwood flooring doesn’t warp and distort easily. This layer can be made from pine or spruce.

The backing layer is the closest part to the subfloor, which may harbour moisture. Fortunately, a quality backing layer will withstand any cupping from the humidity.

Finishing and Coating

The face layer of hardwood flooring is the top area that will get covered in coating and finishes. The finishing protects the surface of the hardwood floors from scratches and blemishes. Over time, you can reapply the coating to smoothen out worn-out areas.

The finishing layer is lacquer and usually consists of seven layers. This lacquer is water-based and cured with ultraviolet rays to make it sturdy and long-lasting.

The finishing layer can also consist of one or two layers of modified oil. Modified oil gives your hardwood floor a more natural and aged look.

finishing and coating

Features of Hardwood Flooring

Now, let’s take a look at the main features of hardwood floors that make them unique. These features are responsible for hardwood floors’ benefits and drawbacks.


Ideally, hardwood floors are rigid. However, installing the hardwood floors directly over concrete can make for an uncomfortable platform. Therefore, you should install hardwood floorboards over an underlayment. The underlayment will allow space for the hardwood floorboards to expand underweight.


Another interesting feature of hardwood floors is their heating capabilities. Hardwood floors store warmth and maintain an evenly balanced temperature throughout the year.

Hardwood floors pair excellently with floor heating systems. They trap heat during winter, keeping your home warm while reducing your energy bills.


One considerable drawback to installing hardwood flooring is the noise it generates. Occasionally, hardwood floorboards will squeak when walking over them. The noise can be a nuisance to neighbours and family members living under you.

However, you can reduce the noise by applying padding underneath the hardwood. For instance, a foam layer or cork underlayment will do quite nicely. This underlayment will insulate the extra space and prevent any squeaking noises.


What is the Cost of Hardwood Floors?

Now you know what hardwood floors look like and their features. Let’s examine the price range of these floorboards so you can know what to expect.

On average, quality hardwood flooring can range from $2 to $10 per square foot. The costs vary depending on where you are purchasing the hardwood floors from. It’s advisable to buy quality hardwood from reputable companies.

Initially, the price of hardwood floors may seem steep, but they are great investments. Hardwood floors last more than many other flooring alternatives. Furthermore, you won’t have to spend too much on installing the hardwood floors after purchase.

So, don’t settle for a cheaper alternative. You’ll be saving money down the line and preserving the beauty and aesthetics of your home.

Related Article: How Much Does It Cost to Install a New Hardwood Floor?

Characteristics of Hardwood Flooring

What is hardwood flooring without the unique characteristics that make it stand out? The intricate design and longevity make hardwood floors the ideal choice.

Other particular characteristics that make hardwood floors highly sought after include:


Hardwood flooring is still relevant due to its unique aesthetic personality. The surface of hardwood floors can sustain multiple scratches and scrapes without compromising the integrity of the wood.

Over time, the hardwood will age and undergo some changes. The hardwood’s surface’s color and texture will transform as it gets worn out. Fortunately, each scratch feels like a battle scar, as the hardwood will only look aged and regal. The collective aging of the hardwood gives it character and a personality.


Uniqueness is something you should expect from hardwood flooring at all times. Once you have the hardwood floors installed, you will elevate the ambience of your home.

Each plank is a unique piece of art that bears intricate patterns and shades of color.

Due to the different wood sources for the hardwood flooring, you are spoiled with a wide variety of designs. There are no two identical hardwood floorboards. Installing hardwood flooring guarantees a one-of-a-kind flooring system.

Related Article: What are the Best Materials for Hardwood Floors?


Final Thoughts

Hardwood flooring is a durable and beautiful flooring option. So, you’ll be getting the best of both worlds. The hardwood floors will improve the overall aesthetics of your home.

The incredible quality of the hardwood will also last a long time. Therefore, you’ll be investing in a long-term house feature that remains beautiful as it ages.

We can help you take those important first steps to install the best hardwood flooring in your home. LV Flooring is home to a vast collection of beautiful, top-quality hardwood flooring.

Look through our online catalogue today.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *